Text Analysis

In a journal article titled “poisoned water” distributed to the internet attracted many critics and scientific studies across the globe. This text focuses on water pollution in the Chesapeake Bay in Flint Michigan. It was reviewed by D., J., & T. MacArthur, C and later posed in their website where a lot of people have been able to read about the poisoning of water by human activities. The medium used by the author was vital to grasp the attention of different persons across the globe since technology is growing very fast and is been embraced by all kinds of people. The whole text does shade light on how the fresh waters are been contaminated and marine life affected due to the mischievous activities of the humans. According to the article, it is quite obvious that human activities are the number one causes of marine death in the world. MacArthur details how the fishing industry has been largely affected by these acts of cruelty (D., & T. MacArthur, 2009).

The author clearly identifies big factories with numerous animals’ waste which is disposed to the bay through a tributary right behind the factories. As a result of these activities there is the formation of algae which covers part of the bay and becomes a dead zone. In such an area it is difficult for any living thing to survive. This shows the level of irresponsibility displayed by the factory owners hence the poisoned water. The author intended that the information covered should address the issue of water pollution to every member of the society, with the aim of saving the environment and also explain the effect of polluted water to the ecosystem. A lot of people can access the internet due to the advanced technology across many nations. For this reason MacArthur chose to use the web site to air his views which attracted many officials and individuals who took to the streets protesting and demanding for fresh drinking water, ecological limitations and unpolluted air.

Giving the reader full details of how it all began is intended to bring the audience to the realization that some environmental officials may not be concentrating on their duties and responsibilities or  criminal activities are been practiced hence the menace. For many years the fishing industry has declined due to the significant decrease in the number of the fish in Bay living many business people languishing in poverty. MacArthur’s article gave the world an insight of what could be destroying the marine life in most sources. Also emphasized on the article were the unusual images of largely affected marine animals to attract the reader’s attention. For instance, frogs with more limbs than usual, fish of the male species had eggs and had no testicles and many more. As explained by the author, this was as a result of a component found in fertilizers known as the endocrine disrupters. This gives enough evidence on how these activities are really destroying the environment and a quick affirmative action is required (D., & T. MacArthur, 2009).

According to the text, we the humans are destroying our own environment and bringing about health issues to ourselves and other animals. Due to the deposits of the chemicals in the water sources deceases have increased thus causing more deaths than usual. After reading the text by MacArthur, there were campaigns to clean-up the area. Also, studies were done by scientists to come up with better solutions to address the issue of water pollution. This shows how everyone is affected by the pollution though it may not be currently felt.

The article brings to everyone’s knowledge that water pollution has large impact on the environment and the ecosystem at large. With this insight everyone should be at the forefront fighting the activities that pollute the environment for better living and good health. Another impact of water pollution as argued by MacArthur is that, the deposits threaten ship navigation through the deduction of the size of reservoirs. The equipment can also be destroyed by the sediment thus increasing the cost of repairs.

Essentially, the text tries to bring to the audience the importance of protecting the environment and the dangers of water pollution to both humans and animals. Also the government is expected to move swiftly to help in the diminishing the depositing waste in the water sources. This can be done through setting rules and regulation which will prevent factory owners from dumping poisonous materials in rivers. Again, the government and other non-government organizations can establish programs that will be able to manage the wastes to ensure that the environment is protected. Through Mr Arthurs’ article, people have become aware that some health risks arise due to the chemicals released into the water sources. Some include gastrointestinal conditions which are as a result of bacteriological infections found in polluted water (May 2017, from http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/poisonedwaters/).

It is also educative to the readers for it offers some biological knowledge to them assisting them to know of any condition they could be having due to consumption of unclean water and what action to take. It explains how babies and infants may die from the blue baby syndrome. The condition comes about when the blood is unable to transport oxygen to other parts of the body.  In some cases expectant mothers, the elderly and little children are at a high risk of been affected by nitrate which is a chemical mostly from fertilisers and is released into the water sources. Therefore it is important to take the correct measures when disposing harmful substances to avoid damaging the environment. It is everyone’s responsibility to take care of the environment. The text also encourages international agencies to participate in dealing with the issue from a broader perspective.


Pbs.org. (2018). Poisoned Waters | FRONTLINE | PBS. [online] Available at: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/poisonedwaters/ [Accessed 28 Apr. 2018].

D., J., & T. MacArthur, C. (2009). Poisoned Waters | FRONTLINE | PBSPbs.org. Retrieved 28 May 2017, from http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/poisonedwaters/